Bullish Patterns
Long Calls
Bull Call Spread
Bull Put Spread
Call Backspread
Long Call Ratio Spread
Naked Put
Synthetic Long Stock
The Collar
Covered Calls
Synthetic Long Call
Synthetic Short Put
Covered Straddle
Covered Strangle
Married Put
Protective Put

Bearish Patterns
Long Puts
Bear Put Spread
Bear Call Spread
Put Backspread
Long Put Ratio Spread
Naked Calls
Synthetic Short Stock
Synthetic Short Stock (split strikes)
Covered Put
Protective Call
Synthetic Short Call
Synthetic Long Put

Long Volatility
Long Straddle
Long Strangle
Short Call Butterfly
Short Put Butterfly
Short Iron Butterfly
Short Call Condor
Short Put Condor
Short Iron Condor
Long Guts
Short Call Ladder
Short Put Ladder
Long Call Synthetic Straddle
Long Put Synthetic Straddle

Short Volatility
Short Straddle
Short Strangle
Long Call Butterfly
Long Put Butterfly
Long Iron Butterfly
Long Call Condor
Long Put Condor
Long Iron Condor
Short Guts
Long Call Ladder
Long Put Ladder
Call Ratio Spread
Short Call Ratio Spread
Put Ratio Spread
Short Put Ratio Spread
Ratio Call Write
Ratio Put Write
Short Call Synthetic Straddle
Short Put Synthetic Straddle
Variable Ratio Write

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Short Call Ratio Spread

Risk: unlimited
Reward: limited

General Description
Entering a short call ratio spread entails buying lower strike calls and selling twice as many higher strike calls (same expiration month). It can be thought of as a long call ladder, but instead of the short calls being staggered, they use the same strike. It's also similar to a call ratio spread, but the ratio of short to long calls is locked 2:1.

(draw a short call ratio spread risk diagram here)

The Thinking
Your research tells you a stock has modest upside potential but will not rally hard and will not experience a big expansion in volatility. You enter a bull call spread to profit from such movement and then double up on your naked call leg at the upper strike to help finance the spread and to lower your breakeven level.

XYZ is at $52.50. You think the stock could move up a couple points but a big rally is not in the cards. You buy (1) 50 call at $5.00 and sell (2) 55 calls at $1.50. The trade is initiated for a net debit of $2.00.

Below the lowest strike, all calls expire worthless, and your profit or loss is the net credit or net debit; in this case it’s a $2.00 loss.

At $55, the short calls strike, your max profitability occurs. The 50 calls will be worth $5 (breakeven), and the 55 calls will be worthless ($1.50 gain per contract). The net of this is a $3.00 profit.

Above $55, the loss from one of the short calls will be countered by a gain from the long call, and the one remaining short call will lose you money point-for-point with the underlying. For example, at $60, the 50 call will be worth $10 ($5.00 gain), and the 55 calls will be worth $5 ($3.50 loss per contract). The net is a $2.00 loss.

The PL chart below graphically shows where this trade will be profitable and at a loss.